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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

Standard widths for wall cabinets are the same as base cabinets, they start at 9″ W with 3″ intervals up to 36″ W. Wall cabinets also have flexibility as being used as 12 “ D base cabinets, commonly used for island applications. To use a wall cabinet as a base cabinet, it is necessary to build a 4.5″ H toe kick platform and order an additional matching toe kick to finish it. To align at standard base cabinet height, use a 30″ H wall cabinet. If you are looking to create a two tier island, use a 36″ H wall cabinet for the bar height level. The 36″ H wall cabinet with a 4.5″ H toe kick and countertop will have a finished bar height of 42″ height.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

Special Base Cabinet Heights Some households need taller or shorter base cabinets. For example, wheelchair-accessible countertops are often 28-inches-high. The base cabinet height is reduced by the countertop thickness. If a physical condition requires limited bending, standard countertop height is often too short. In those cases, a 35-inch cabinet only works if the countertop is adjustable and can be raised. Otherwise, taller base cabinets might be the best option. To avoid bending, the right countertop height is found by measuring up from the floor to the user’s elbow, and the cabinet height is accordingly reduced by the countertop thickness.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

Some households need taller or shorter base cabinets. For example, wheelchair-accessible countertops are often 28-inches-high. The base cabinet height is reduced by the countertop thickness. If a physical condition requires limited bending, standard countertop height is often too short. In those cases, a 35-inch cabinet only works if the countertop is adjustable and can be raised. Otherwise, taller base cabinets might be the best option. To avoid bending, the right countertop height is found by measuring up from the floor to the user’s elbow, and the cabinet height is accordingly reduced by the countertop thickness.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

Install Base Cabinets If the floor isn’t level, find the highest point in the floor along the wall where the cabinets will be installed. It’s best to try to start the base cabinet installation as close to this high point as possible — it’s easier to shim under the cabinets on the lower spots to make them level with this first one, rather than starting on a low point and having to trim the bottoms of the cabinets while working “uphill”. Measure base cabinets and use the pencil and level to mark a level line on the wall from the high point in the floor to the cabinet height. Be sure to use a level to assure this line will be true horizontal. This is the guide to be followed for installation. Use the stud finder to locate and mark the studs along this line around the room. Dry fit your first cabinet into place and check for level across the top. If needed, shim until level. Now, predrill through the top framing piece into the wall studs (as shown) and secure the cabinet into place with screws. Re-check level after securing the cabinet. Repeat this process until all of the base cabinets are installed. Attach the doors and hardware after all of your cabinets are in place.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

Standard cabinet depth is 12″ deep, and 24″ deep cabinets to be used over the refrigerator are common, which will allow easier access. When designing a kitchen with a staggered height cabinet look, it is very important that when you make cabinets taller, that you also make them 3″ deeper to 15″ D. This will allow the necessary room for crown moldings of the shorter height cabinets to finish nicely into the side of the cabinet, and not block the door opening of the taller cabinet. When trying to determine the correct height cabinet to use above a range, it is important to take into account the height of the other wall cabinets.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

If the floor isn’t level, find the highest point in the floor along the wall where the cabinets will be installed. It’s best to try to start the base cabinet installation as close to this high point as possible — it’s easier to shim under the cabinets on the lower spots to make them level with this first one, rather than starting on a low point and having to trim the bottoms of the cabinets while working “uphill”. Measure base cabinets and use the pencil and level to mark a level line on the wall from the high point in the floor to the cabinet height. Be sure to use a level to assure this line will be true horizontal. This is the guide to be followed for installation. Use the stud finder to locate and mark the studs along this line around the room. Dry fit your first cabinet into place and check for level across the top. If needed, shim until level. Now, predrill through the top framing piece into the wall studs (as shown) and secure the cabinet into place with screws. Re-check level after securing the cabinet. Repeat this process until all of the base cabinets are installed. Attach the doors and hardware after all of your cabinets are in place.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

To keep heavy upper cabinets straight until they’re anchored, mark a level line on the wall along the underside of the cabinet at the right height, fasten a straight board to the wall at the line, and use the edge of the board as a guide and support. After it’s removed, the area is covered with the backsplash or patched and painted. If upper cabinets are installed before the countertop, measure up 18 inches from the top of the base cabinet plus the countertop thickness to find the right height for the uppers. Base cabinets are leveled in two directions, side-to-side and front-to-back. They’re also anchored through the back side to the wall and through the sides to each other. Set and level the first base cabinet in the row and fasten it to the wall, then install the remaining cabinets. Upper cabinets are fastened to the wall and each other, while some ceiling mounts are fastened to the ceiling, wall and each other.
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Kitchen Base Cabinet Height

Installation Tips To keep heavy upper cabinets straight until they’re anchored, mark a level line on the wall along the underside of the cabinet at the right height, fasten a straight board to the wall at the line, and use the edge of the board as a guide and support. After it’s removed, the area is covered with the backsplash or patched and painted. If upper cabinets are installed before the countertop, measure up 18 inches from the top of the base cabinet plus the countertop thickness to find the right height for the uppers. Base cabinets are leveled in two directions, side-to-side and front-to-back. They’re also anchored through the back side to the wall and through the sides to each other. Set and level the first base cabinet in the row and fasten it to the wall, then install the remaining cabinets. Upper cabinets are fastened to the wall and each other, while some ceiling mounts are fastened to the ceiling, wall and each other.
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It is important to select the correct height wall cabinets for your kitchen design/space, taking into account any crown molding atop of kitchen cabinets: Typically, 30″ H cabinets are used if the kitchen has an 8 foot ceiling with a 12″ height soffit remaining or for 8 foot ceiling kitchens that prefer the cabinets do not go to the ceiling. Usually, 36″ H cabinets are used when you have an 8 foot ceiling and you’d like to use crown molding finished to the ceiling. Please note that since 36″ H cabinets top align at 90″ H, typically a stacked molding is used to make up the additional 6″ — however, other traditional and atypical molding options can be used. Typically, 42″ H cabinets are used if the kitchen has a nine foot ceiling, these are the largest size standard height wall cabinets. Please note when using 42″ H cabinets in an 8 foot ceiling there will be no room left for a crown molding, only a simple scribe molding can fit at the top. However, if you can, use a small height crown molding and drop the cabinets 1.5-2″ H for a crown molding look, but you will sacrifice backsplash height.
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For proper installation, please make sure to plan and install your cabinets 54″ from the floor to the bottom of the wall cabinet. When subtracting the 36″ height of a base cabinet including countertop, this leaves 18″ of height. This is the standard height for a backsplash.

Full height base cabinets will typically have doors approximately 30″ H each. The standard depth for base cabinets is 24″ D. For islands and applications where wall obstacles prevent full cabinet depth options, it is common that base cabinets are reduced in 3″ intervals down to 12″ D, as needed. Standard widths for base cabinets start at 9″ W with 3″ intervals up to 36″ W.
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No two jobs are ever alike, but installing base cabinets is relatively straightforward. The first step is to identify the highest area on the floor and mark it on the wall. One technique is to use shims (tapered lengths of wood, usually pine) and a carpenter’s level. The rear of the base cabinet must be level with the front. If the highest point on the floor is closer to the wall, the front of the cabinet must be raised with shims. If the highest point on the floor is farther away from the wall, the rear of the cabinet must be raised to the equal height.

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