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How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

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How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

Install Upper Cabinets With your room prepped and guidelines marked, it’s time to hang the upper cabinets. It’s easier to install upper cabinets before the base cabinets go in. Save Item Send to a FriendPrint Installing Upper Cabinets Step 1 Start by attaching a straight 1-by-4 ledger level on the wall at the 54-inch line. A ledger is a board that helps support the cabinetry as you work. If you need a refresher, wathc our video on How to Use a Tape Measure. Good to KnowIf your cabinets are already assembled, remove the doors for easier handling. Step 2 Begin your installation with a corner cabinet, or from the far left if you don’t have a corner unit. Using the outline you created on the wall, measure the distance from the cabinet edge to the stud and transfer this to the cabinet. Remember to account for the face frame. Step 3 Drill holes through the cabinet backs at the top, middle and bottom rails. Your top and bottom holes should be about 3/4 inch from the cabinet’s edge. Do this step for each unit. Step 4 Set the cabinet in place and drive the mounting screws into the wall. Don’t over-tighten the screws. Tighten just enough to hold the cabinet in place. Step 5 Check that the cabinet is level and plumb. Shim behind the cabinet if needed. Step 6 Set the second cabinet into position and line up the faces so that they’re even at the bottom and across the front. Clamp the cabinets together and drive screws into the back – again, just tight enough to hold the cabinet in place for now. Use shims in the back to make it plumb. Step 7 Keep the faces even and use a countersink / taper bit to drill through the face frames and connect with the cabinet screws. Good to KnowIf your wall is really bowed, it helps to glue shims over the stud lines where you’ll secure the mounting screws. This will prevent the cabinet backs from bowing when you drive in the screws. Step 8 Continue the process until you reach the end of the row, continually checking that the faces and edges are even and level. Step 9 When you get to the end of the row, you may have a space between the cabinet and the wall. Use filler strips to fill the gap. Step 10 Measure the gap at the top and the bottom and cut your filler strip to fit. For uneven walls, clamp the filler strip to the outside of the cabinet face. Use a compass to scribe a line that follows the contours of the wall. Cut the piece along the line at a 7- to 10-degree bevel to help fit it against the wall. Step 11 Once all the cabinets are connected, drive in the rear screws and remove the clamps. Step 12 Remove the ledger board and touch up any wall damage. Step 13 If you’re installing crown moulding, attach it with finish nails, then hang the doors, adjusting the hinges according to the manufacturer’s instructions for keeping the doors even. In our final video, we’ll help you install base cabinets. You May Also Like . . . Cabinet Storage Buying Guide Cabinet Hardware Buying Guide Prepare for a Kitchen Remodel Shop Lowe’s Kitchen Cabinets Cabinet Accessories Cabinet Hardware Hinges Related Videos & Guides Install Base Cabinets Measure and Prep for Cabinets Cabinet Storage Buying Guide Ideas & Inspiration Stock Cabinet Projects Refined & Roomy Kitchen Remodel Lowe’s Services Cabinet Installation Redesigning Your Kitchen? Check out our FREE planning guide for budget advice, design tips, product info & more. Learn More
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How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

1 Install the upper cabinet ledger • Create a line using the chalk line that runs the bottom length of the wall cabinets. • Temporarily drive a couple of long screws into the studs along the line marking the bottom of the upper cabinets to help support them while you’re installing. Tip: Some installers screw a board, called a ledger, along the entire length of the wall to hold the cabinets. The ledger works as long as the wall is flat and plumb. If it’s not, you’ll need to shim behind the cabinets to align them, and the ledger would get in the way. 2 Start with corner wall cabinet • Place the cabinet on the screws or ledger. If the cabinet isn’t plumb, slip shims between the cabinet and wall at the stud lines and adjust as necessary. • Drill and countersink two holes in each of the mounting rails inside the cabinet and drive 2 1⁄2-inch cabinet screws through the holes. • Check to make sure the cabinet is level front to back as well as side to side. 3 Install next cabinet and clamp • With a helper, rest the neighboring cabinet on the screw or ledger and line up the front with the cabinet you just installed. • Clamp the two cabinets together. Check for level and plumb, and shim between the wall and cabinet as necessary. 4 Drill holes for connectors • On frameless cabinets, drill the holes for connectors. • Screw the cabinets together. On framed cabinets, drill holes for 1 ¼-inch drywall screws in the recesses for the hinges to hide them. 5 Drill and countersink pilot holes • Drill and countersink two pilot holes through each of the mounting rails, centering the holes over the studs. (On some wall cabinets, the mounting rails are inside the cabinet. On others, they are hidden in back.) • Drive 2 ½-inch cabinet screws through the holes and into the studs. 6 Drill and countersink pilot holes • Hang the rest of the cabinets the way you hung the first ones, checking for level and plumb as you go. • Once all the wall cabinets are in place, remove the ledger screws or holding screws you installed in Step 1. • Trim any visible shims flush with the cabinet using a utility knife. 7 Apply moulding if needed • If you have a slight gap between the back of the last cabinet and the wall, cover it with strip of moulding. • Cut a piece as long as the cabinet; stain and finish it to match. • Nail it in place with a brad gun, and fill the holes with a putty made by the cabinet manufacturer to match the cabinet finish. 8 Cut filler strips if needed • If you have a gap between the side of the cabinet and an end wall or appliance, cut a filler strip to close it. • The cabinet manufacturer usually sells these strips.• Scribe the strip with a compass and cut along the line with a jig saw. • Slip the strip in place and attach it with drywall screws. 9 Install valance • A valance is a decorative piece that connects two wall cabinets above a sink. • Have someone help you hold the valance in position. • Drill and countersink pilot holes into the side of the cabinets on each side, and attach the valance with drywall screws.
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How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

Install Base Cabinets Now that you’ve prepped your installation area and installed the upper cabinets, installing the base cabinets is easy. Save Item Send to a FriendPrint Before You Begin If you’re installing a new floor, this is the best time to do so since you can run it under the cabinetry – unless you’re installing a floating floor. A floating floor should be installed after the cabinetry, but the cabinetry must be raised to a height just above the flooring. Otherwise, you’ll have trouble installing appliances later. Good to KnowCut plywood strips to the thickness of your new floating floor and underlayment. Before tacking the strips, level them with shims. This will make installation easier. Base Cabinet Installation Good to KnowRemove cabinet doors and drawers before you begin for easier installation. Step 1 Starting with a corner, use the guides you marked on the walls to transfer the stud locations to the cabinets, taking care to account for the face frame. Drill the holes and set the corner cabinet in place. The horizontal line on the wall is your main guide. The line on the floor is your secondary guide. Line up the top and shim underneath the base, front and back to get it level and plumb. Good to KnowIf the wall is extremely bowed, shims can keep the cabinet square and fill the space between the base and the wall. Step 2 When everything aligns, drive the screws at the back just tight enough to hold the cabinet in place. Step 3 For the second cabinet, drill pilot holes through the back and position the cabinet next to the first. Even the faces, shimming where necessary as shown, and clamp the cabinet faces together. Drive screws into the back, just tight enough to hold it in place. Step 4 Drill pilot holes with a countersink / taper bit through the face frames and connect the cabinets with #8 screws. Good to KnowIf your wall is bowed, glue shims over the stud lines where you’ll secure the mounting screws. This will prevent the cabinet backs from bowing when you drive in the screws. Good to KnowTo even cabinet tops against the back wall, shim under the cabinet base against the wall. Step 5 Repeat steps 3 and 4 until you reach the sink base. When you get to the sink base, cut the holes for plumbing in the back and install the cabinet like the rest. Good to KnowAs you progress, keep the screws loose so you can realign as you go. You’ll go back and retighten later. Keep the faces and tops lined up with your reference line. Step 6 If you did not raise your cabinets for floating floors, you’ll likely need to shim under the base near the wall. Use the shim of the adjacent cabinet as a guide. When you cut that shim, cut another and leave it in place. Step 7 When you reach the end of the row, don’t be alarmed if you have a space at the end. Set the last cabinet in place without connecting it and measure the gap at the top and bottom. Mark and cut the filler strip. Step 8 For uneven walls, clamp the filler strip to the frame. Use a compass to scribe a line following the contours of the wall and cut at a 7- to 10-degree bevel. Check the width of the piece, mark and cut the cabinet side if you need to – or use a plane for minor adjustments. Clamp the filler piece flush to the cabinet, drill holes through the frame and attach the piece with screws. Step 9 Once all the cabinets are connected, tighten the rear screws and remove the clamps. Step 10 If you have spaces without frame to support the countertop, such as end walls and corner cabinets, attach 1-by-2s to the wall with screws. Step 11 Cut and attach the toekicks with finishing nails. If you’re installing a floating floor, complete your flooring installation before this step. CautionDon’t add the drawers and doors just yet. You still have to attach the countertop. Need help installing a laminate countertop? We’ll show you how or Lowe’s Installation Services can do the job for you. You May Also Like . . . Kitchen Cabinet Buying Guide Prepare for a Kitchen Remodel Countertop Buying Guide Shop Lowe’s Kitchen Cabinets Cabinet Accessories Kitchen Storage and Organization Ideas & Inspiration Refined and Roomy Kitchen Remodel Create a Kitchen Island from Stock Cabinets Stock Cabinet Projects Related Services Lowe’s Cabinet Installation

How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

How To Install Kitchen Cabinets
How To Install Kitchen Cabinets
How To Install Kitchen Cabinets
How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

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